Future Prospects in Mechanical Engineering in India

Future Prospects in Mechanical Engineering in India
By - Sampurna Majumder

An Overview

One of the most appealing features of mechanical engineering is that, this field of study is extremely diverse. Almost all inventions since the history of mankind have involved direct application of mechanical engineering. Traditionally, mechanical engineers dealt with several concepts that included things like robotics, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, kinematics and many others that were required in designing state-of-the-art manufacturing units. Mechanical engineers are also responsible for contributing towards the development of several engines, power plants and other machineries. Mechanical engineers are not only involved in designing but also manufacturing.

However, with the passage time, as things undergo change, so did the traditional job description of a mechanical engineer. The scope of a mechanical engineer has expanded since long. They can focus on areas like development of composite materials, environmental conservation, nanotechnology and others. Now, the ever-increasing scope of job in this field also requires the professionals to get into marketing, finance and even resource management.

Mechanical Engineering—Degree or Diploma

Young Indians who are willing to pursue their higher studies in mechanical engineering can opt for the same, as there are several engineering colleges in India. Upon completing their high school studies,(10+2) with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics one has to appear for the IIT-JEE and AIEEE for admission in various engineering colleges across the country. Upon completing a degree in mechanical engineering one can opt for an M.Tech or ME. In case anyone is willing to pursue an ME from any of the IITs, then the candidate will have to clear the Graduate Aptitude Test for Engineers (GATE). Nowadays, several engineering colleges are offering dual programmes combining B.Tech and M.Tech while others club engineering with several management courses as well.

Apart from a degree, students can also opt for a diploma from any polytechnic institute. A diploma in mechanical engineering can be pursued after completing class 10th examination with at least 50 per cent marks. The duration of a diploma is usually spans three years and if one opts for a part-time diploma it can be completed in four years.

Those who want to pursue a diploma can also opt for an associate membership qualification from the Institute of Mechanical Engineers, or Institution of Engineering.


A graduate programme in Mechanical Engineering in a private institution would cost anywhere between Rs. 50000 to Rs. 200000 per annum. Nonetheless, if you are lucky enough to get through any of the IITs or a government engineering college, the expenses will be far less (around 30,000 to 40,000 per annum).

Moreover there are several scholarships available for meritorious students and students in need. Among Indian organizations, Indian Oil offers scholarships. Other institutions also offer scholarships in the same field.

Career Prospects and Remuneration

The job prospects in mechanical engineering are numerous. Mechanical engineers are required in designing, manufacturing, installing and operating systems that are used in innumerable industries. Both the government and the private sector employ mechanical engineers. Industries where they are usually employed comprise automobiles, space research, bio-mechanical and aeronautical industries.

The average monthly income of a mechanical engineer ranges somewhere between Rs. 10000 to Rs. 25000. Those who have a postgraduate degree can earn even more than this. Depending upon skill and experience, the pay package can go up to as high as Rs. 40 lakhs annually.

Considered the ‘mother’ of all fields of engineering, the career prospect in mechanical engineering is ample.



Carl Benz – Passion for Engineering – Tradition in Engineering

“THE THINGS I HAVE ASPIRED TO AND CREATED ALL HAVE ROOTS WHICH LEAD BACK TO THIS INSTITUTION.”                                                           – Carl Benz, looking back on his studies in Karlsruhe

Benz’ Education

Carl Benz was born in 1844 in Karlsruhe, Baden, Germany. Despite the limited means of his family, his mother insisted upon providing him with a good technical education. Being a diligent student, Benz passed the entrance exam to study mechanical engineering at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, formerly University of Karlsruhe, formerly Polytechnic College. At the tender age of fifteen he came under the instruction of Ferdinand Redtenbacher and graduated on 9 July 1864, with a degree in Mechanical Engineering. During his years at the university he had already started to envision concepts for a vehicle that would eventually become the horseless carriage.

Benz and his first Inventions

In 1871, at the age of 27, Carl Benz joined a mechanical workshop in Mannheim. Early business misfortunes did not prevent Carl Benz from developing new types of engines and from patenting key engine components. These patents, among them the patent for the first internal combustion engine (granted in 1879), soon led to substantial revenue increases and helped to subsidize the workshop business. Carl Benz’ true genius became obvious thanks to his successive inventions, registered whilst designing what would become the production standard for his two-stroke engine. During this time he patented the speed regulation system, the ignition using sparks with a battery, the spark plug, the carburetor, the clutch, the gear shift, and the water radiator.

Benz and the Motorwagen

In 1887, after years of testing and modifications, Benz created the first definitive commercial vehicle, the Model 3, an automobile with a four-stroke engine of his own design between the rear wheels. It was gasoline powered, the power being transmitted by means of two roller chains to the rear axle with wooden wheels. This became the first production automobile. The model 3 was introduced at the 1889 World’s Fair in Paris
with the result that it was rapidly promoted on a wider international scale.


In 1896, Carl Benz was granted a patent for his design of the first boxer engine with horizontally opposed pistons. His design created an engine in which the corresponding pistons reach top dead centre simultaneously, thus balancing each other with respect to momentum. Flat engines with four or fewer cylinders are most commonly boxer engines. This continues to be the design principle for high performance racing car engines such as those used by Porsche. The great demand for internal combustion engines increased the size of, and indeed, completely transformed the Benz & Cie. automobile company. By 1899 it had become the largest of its kind in the world, increasing employment from 50 (1890) to 430 (1899) workers and producing 572 automobiles per year.

Simultaneous Developments

While Benz was designing his boxer engine, Gottlieb Daimler and his lifelong partner Wilhelm Maybach, two gifted inventors in Stuttgart, were dreaming of creating small, high speed engines to be mounted in any kind of self-propelled vehicle. In 1885 they patented a precursor of the modern petrol engine, which they subsequently fitted to a two-wheeler considered to be the first motorcycle and, in the next year, to a stagecoach and a boat. Later, in 1890, they founded Daimler Motors (DMG). The first automobile originating from their design was sold in 1892. Although Gottlieb Daimler died in 1900 — and there is no evidence that Carl Benz and Gottlieb Daimler knew each other, nor that they knew about each other‘s early achievements — eventually, competition with Daimler Motors (DMG) in Stuttgart began to challenge the leadership of Benz & Cie. in Mannheim.

After World War I, the years of depression led to an economic crisis and it became desirable for both companies to pool their resources. In 1926, Benz & Cie. and the Daimler-Motor-Company merged to become the Daimler-Benz company, later to be renamed as Daimler-Benz, which is now part of the Daimler AG. After the merger in 1926, all new automobiles were called Mercedes-Benz in honor of the most important model of the DMG automobiles, the Mercedes 35hp.

Source: Carl Benz SChool of Engineering Image Brochure 2012

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