## Curriculum in Physics Pre-semester

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**Course Curriculum**

The duration of the written exam is 3 hours. The only aid allowed is a non-programmable calculator.

The exam covers the following:

**1. Basic concepts**

Introduction to the methods used in physics, basic physical measures, the International System of

Units and derived units

**2. Statics**

- Forces (composition and decomposition of forces)
- Hooke’s law, simple machines
- Torque, equilibrium of a rigid body, centre of gravity

**3. Kinematics and kinetics**

- Uniform motion and linear motion with constant acceleration, principle of superposition, composition of motion,
- Newton’s laws, friction, work, energy, power, impact, momentum
- Conservation of energy and momentum, applications (collisions)
- Circular motion, planetary motion, gravity, work in the gravitational field, verification and effect of the rotation of the earth, rotation of a rigid body: Moment of Inertia, rotational energy, angular momentum, conservation laws, simple rotation problems, independent axis.

**4. Oscillations and waves**

- Harmonic motion, the mathematical and physical pendulum, rotating pendulum, enforced oscillations and natural oscillation,
- Wave motion, superposition and reflection of waves, the Doppler effect, the Huygen effect

**5. Basics of magnetism**

Permanent magnet, magnetic dipole, magnetic induction, magnetic field of the earth

**6. Electric charge, electric induction**

- Coulomb’s law, electric fields (especially homogeneous and radial fields), electric field strength, work in an electric field, electric potential, voltage, parallel plate capacitor, cylindrical capacitor, capacity,
- electric charge in uniform motion, matter in an electric field, energy of the electric field, energy
- density.

**7. Electric direct current**

Effects of electric current, amperage, voltage, resistance, conduction mechanisms in solid and fluid bodies, in gases and vacuum (electron tube and semi-conductors), Ohm’s law, Kirchhoff’s rules, electric meters, electric work and power

**8. Electromagnetism**

Magnetic field of a coil, magnetic flux density, magnetic flux, induction law, magnetic induction, self inductance, matter in the magnetic field, Lorenz force, energy of the magnetic field, energy density, electromagnetic machines (electric motor, generator, electric magnet) transformer

**9. Electric oscillations and electric waves**

Coils, condensers and resistance according to Ohm in d.c. voltage and a.c. voltage, closing and opening of a circuit, electric resonant circuit, rms-value, Ohm’s resistance, inductive resistance and capacitative resistance, impedance, effective power, diode, triode, transistor, broadcasting, reception and propagation of electric waves

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